Here’s your guide to comprehend the deets concerning Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis.

Do you dream of seeing the natural phenomenon Aurora Borealis, where the sky is playing dress up with different colors and unveiling its exquisiteness for its viewers?

Watching the Northern Lights in real is on every traveller’s wish list that they want to tick off as soon as possible because hands down it is one of the most incredible things human eyes can catch a glimpse of.

Northern Lights have always mesmerized men. Due to which they are even ready to travel a thousand miles only to watch the most scintillating light show on the Earth’s surface.


The Northern Light over the marsh landscape with wildflowers in Land mannarlaugar, Iceland

What Are Northern Lights?

Northern Lights are also known as Aurora Borealis (in North) and Aurora Australis (in the South).  Aurora Borealis means ‘dawn of the north’ and Aurora Australis means ‘dawn of the South’. They are colorful displays of hues like shades of red, yellow, green, blue, violet, and pink. They illuminate the sky, showing a magical pop-up color show, which is absolutely unimaginable and astonishing.

What Causes The Northern Lights?

Northern Lights are evoked as a result of collisions between gaseous particles in the Earth’s atmosphere. Earth Sky explains Northern Lights as,”When charged particles from the sun strike atoms in Earth’s atmosphere, they cause electrons in the atoms to move to a higher-energy state. When the electrons drop back to a lower energy state, they release a photon: light. This process creates the beautiful aurora or northern lights.”

The colour of the Aurora is due to the presence of different gases in the atmosphere.  One can see it appear in forms of patches, scattered clouds of lights, streams, arcs, curtains and shooting rays.

The lights stretch from 80 kilometers (50 miles) to as high as 640 kilometers (400 miles) above the Earth’s surface.

When Is The Best Time To Watch The Northern Lights? 

The perfect time to witness and spot the Northern Lights is from late November to March. The probability to notice them is much higher in winters, for the skies are clearer.

10 Hotspots To Sight Northern Lights?

1. Iceland– Jokulsarion Glacier Lagoon and Seltjarnarnes.

2. Scotland– Isle of Skye and Isle of Coll

3. Greenland– Ilulissat and Sisimiut

4.Alaska– Fairbanks and Denali National Park

5. Norway– Tromso and The Lofoten Islands

6. Russia– Naryan-Mar and Vorkuta

7. Finland- Levi and Sodankyla

8. Sweden- Kiruna and Abisko

9.Ireland- Tory Island (Donegal) and Rosinver (Leitrim)

10. Canada- Whitehorse (Yukon) and Yellowknife (Northwest Territories).


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